Step by step guide For LAMP (PHP Laravel, Linux, MySQL)

This article is a step by step tutorial to get started with PHP and laravel in Linux environment ( Ubuntu ). By installing Apache2, Mysql and PHP, your LAMP server is ready to host your PHP application.

At the end of this post, you’ll know how to add your custom domain for your local environment.

Let’s start !!!

As you expected from all kind of Linux tutorials you should first update and upgrade your system by running :

sudo apt-get update 
sudo apt-get upgrade

Now your system and packages system is up to date.

Next, you need to install some basics dependencies to avoid all kind of problems in your workflow

sudo apt-get install -y git curl wget zip unzip

Installing Apache2 server :

sudo apt-get install apache2

To make sure that the server is running you can execute this command in your terminal

sudo systemctl status apache2

It is important to know that all your web content must be under the /var/www/html directory. you can check the Bonus section to make any folder as your root web content to know how to config.

To master Appche2 config you need to master this 6 commands line:

  • a2enmod (apache2 enable mode) : To enable an Apache2 mod like rewrite mode.
  • a2dismod (apache2 disable mode) : To disable an Apache2 mod.
  • a2enconf (apache2 enable Config) : To enable a specific config.
  • a2disconf (apache2 disable config) : To disable a specific config.
  • a2ensite(apache2 enable Site) : To enable a specific app.
  • a2dissite (apache2 disable Site) : To disable a specific app.

Enable rewrite mode

sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo systemctl restart apache2

Install MySQL

sudo apt-get install mysql-server

Click Enter to validate the first popup, then create a password for your Mysql root user. it’s highly recommended to secure Mysql server by running :

mysql_secure_installation

You can read more about improving MySQL installation security

To mange database, there is a lot of SQL clients to use with MySQL like MySQL WorkbenchSQuirreLSQLECTRON or the great Google Extension Chrome MySQL Admin .

Install PHP :

sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:ondrej/php
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install -y php7.1 php7.1-fpm libapache2-mod-php7.0 php7.1-cli php7.1-curl php7.1-mysql php7.1-sqlite3 \
    php7.1-gd php7.1-xml php7.1-mcrypt php7.1-mbstring php7.1-iconv

As you see above this large command will install php, php-cli and the most important php libraries.

Install Composer :

curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | sudo php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer
sudo chown -R $USER $HOME/.composer

Now you are ready to create your first Laravel app.

Test web Server

To test your LAMP server, just create a Laravel application under Apache2 root directory.

cd /var/www/html
composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel lara_app

Open your browser and you can access to your app through :

http://localhost/lara_app/public